The Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) and the Maritime & Coastguard Agency (MCA) are jointly issuing a warning that imported liferafts may contain unlicensed imported medicines, as well as medical devices that do not carry a CE Mark.
Suppliers of inflatable liferafts in the UK are asked to check the origin of their liferafts to establish if the contents of the medical kit inside is compliant with UK medicines legislation.
Compliance of imported liferafts
The safety bulletin is applicable to suppliers of liferafts intended for commercial and pleasure vessels and requests that suppliers of imported rafts open at least one raft from each non-UK supplier to ensure it does not contain non-compliant medicines.
The MHRA has learned that liferafts may have been supplied to ships, fishing vessels, small commercial vessels and pleasure vessels containing:
- Unlicensed imported medicines
- Medical devices that do not carry a CE mark
The medical kits found were of Chinese origin. Although not found in this incident, seasickness pills (which are stored within the liferaft but separate to the medical kit, and in the case of pleasure vessels can be supplied in isolation) must still be authorised for supply in the UK and handled in accordance with UK medicines legislative requirements.
Members of the public should note that these medicines are only likely to be made available and consumed in the rare event of a liferaft being deployed in an emergency. Anyone who has taken medicines originating from an inflatable liferaft and who is concerned about what they have taken should contact their healthcare professional for advice.
Summary of issue
In the medical kit pictured above, the medicines have not been authorised for supply in the UK. Only a brief English description of each medicine is included which does not give any details of their contents or contraindications.
In the example, the painkiller medicine tested was found to contain a controlled substance. Other substances in the painkiller were also found to present a risk to human health. The medical kit also contained medical devices that do not carry a CE mark.
Work is under way to determine the potential scope of the issue but only medicines imported into the UK in liferafts are of immediate concern at this time. This includes seasickness pills.
It has also emerged that some UK-based suppliers of inflatable liferafts to the commercial and pleasure sectors may be unwittingly operating without MHRA or Home Office authorisation to import and/or supply the medicines contained within the liferaft.
In addition, it is believed that some unauthorised suppliers for medical kits containing prescription-only, pharmacy-only and unlicensed medicines are advertising their kits on the internet.
Liferaft Suppliers and Distributors - actions to take
In order to determine the extent of the public health risk, there is an urgent requirement to identify any unlicensed medicines and medical devices without a CE Mark, within inflatable liferafts supplied in the UK.
If you supply, hire or service liferafts imported into the UK:
- Any medical kits contained in inflatable liferafts you handle must only contain authorised medicine and CE marked medical devices for supply in the UK
- You must ensure that all your handling of medicines is conducted in accordance with UK medicines legislative requirements
- Suppliers who intend to supply medical kits containing medicines by way of wholesale within the UK market (whether or not within an inflatable liferaft) must obtain a Wholesale Distribution Authorisation from MHRA. This includes chandleries and any marine company servicing or supplying liferafts carrying medicines in medical kits
- If you are a supplier of imported liferafts, you must open at least one liferaft (in accordance with manufacturer's instructions) from each non-UK liferaft supplier you deal with. Upon opening the liferaft, you must check that the medical kit only contains medicine and medical devices authorised for the UK. Equally, you must ensure that medicines supplied separately, are also authorised for sale in the UK
- If you find a non-compliant kit, you must contact any customers affected to arrange for their medical kit to be replaced with a medical kit authorised for use in the UK
- Repacking of opened liferafts must be done by a manufacturer-approved liferaft station.
- If you are supplying inflatable liferafts for other EEA countries, the contents of the medical kit should be authorised for that country.
Advice for mariners and vessel-owners
- If you are under any doubt as to the compliance of the medical kits or medicines within your liferaft, contact the liferaft supplier or service station that serviced, sold or rented the liferaft to you for advice
- If you have any immediate concerns about the medicines or devices in your liferaft medical kit, please contact the MHRA
- Continue to be vigilant for unauthorised imported medical kits when you are buying or replacing liferafts for your use or use by people on your vessel
Before a medicine can be marketed or sold in the UK, a number of licences are required. The product itself must have a licence called a 'marketing authorisation' (formerly a 'product licence') unless an exemption applies.
This is printed on the packaging of the medicine together with the name of the manufacturer. In addition, the companies that are involved in any stages of the manufacture, import or distribution of the product need to have the relevant licence for the activity in question (Manufacturer's and/or Wholesale Dealer's Licences).
Possessing and supplying a controlled substance requires authorisation from the UK Home Office. Import or supply without appropriate licence or authorisation is a breach of UK medicines regulations and a criminal offence.
It is against the law to advertise prescription-only medicines direct to the public. Any non-authorised person selling a medical kit directly to a member of the public must ensure it only contains general sales list (GSL) medicines.
For certain UK commercial vessels, inflatable liferafts their medical kit and other contents must be approved. Inflatable liferafts for pleasure vessels need not contain medicines but those that do must comply with MHRA regulations.
Medical kits contained in inflatable liferafts supplied to another EEA State must comply with the national regulations for that State.
For information about the regulation and standards of liferafts, and medical kits required in liferafts: contact the Marine Technology Branch, Maritime & Coastguard Agency:
Tel: +44 (0)2380 329100
You can also find more information and guidance on the distribution of medicines in the marine sector: MGN 524.